Friday, December 2, 2016

Reducing Recidivism for Justice-Involved Youth

"The U.S. Department of Education announced today the release of new guides and resources to help justice-involved youth transition back to traditional school settings. The resources include a guide written for incarcerated youth; a newly updated transition toolkit and resource guide for practitioners in juvenile justice facilities; a document detailing education programs in juvenile justice facilities from the most recent Civil Rights Data Collection; and a website that provides technical assistance to support youth with disabilities with transitioning out of juvenile justice facilities..."
Youth recidivism

Statistics of U.S. Business: 2014

"These data include single-year estimates of the number of firms, number of establishments, employment and annual payroll. Data are presented by state, industry and enterprise employment size..."
Busiiness statistics

Thursday, December 1, 2016

Current Economic Conditions(Beige Book): Nov. 2016

"Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicate that the economy continued to expand across most regions from early October through mid-November. Activity in the Boston, Minneapolis, and San Francisco Districts grew at a moderate pace, while Atlanta, Chicago, St. Louis, and Dallas cited modest growth. Philadelphia, Cleveland, and Kansas City cited a slight pace of growth. Richmond characterized economic activity as mixed, and New York said activity has remained flat since the last report. Outlooks were mainly positive, with six Districts expecting moderate growth..."
Beige Book,  Nov. 2016

Hispanic-Owned Businesses on the Upswing

"With the recent conclusion of another annual celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month, here are two sources of business data that show gains in America’s Hispanic-owned businesses.
Survey of Business Owners
The number of U.S. businesses owned by Hispanics grew by more than 1 million firms, or 46.3 percent, from 2.3 million to 3.3 million from 2007 to 2012. In contrast, the total number of all U.S. firms increased 2.0 percent during the same period, from 27.1 million to 27.6 million.
Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs
More business statistics from the inaugural 2014 Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs, which provides statistics for employer businesses only, show that among the nation’s nearly 300,000 Hispanic-owned firms with paid employees, more than half were located in one of three states: California (66,487), Florida (59,987) or Texas (49,722). Among the 50 most populous metro areas, Hispanic-owned firms were most commonly found in Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-West Palm Beach (44,599), New York-Newark-Jersey City (28,949) and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (28,858)...."
Hispanic Businesses

Wednesday, November 30, 2016

Immigrant Voting in the United States

"In recent decades, immigration has driven population growth more than natural increase. Therefore, it is useful to examine the degree to which immigration status shapes the voting-eligible population, or “electorate.” A new report released today from the U.S. Census Bureau examines a number of generational characteristics, including voting patterns.
In 2012, there were 214.8 million U.S. residents who satisfied both the age and citizenship requirements for voting. The Constitution stipulates that voters must be at least 18 years of age and U.S. citizens by birthright or naturalization...."
Immigrant voting

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

HPV Vaccine is Cancer Prevention for Boys, Too!

"Boys need HPV vaccine, too. Here's why.
Every year in the United States around 11,000 men get cancers caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. HPV infections that don’t go away can cause cancers of the anus and rectum, mouth/throat (oropharynx), and penis in men.
Cases of anal cancer and cancers of the mouth/throat are on the rise. Unlike cervical cancer, there are no screening tests for these cancers, so they are often caught at a later stage when they are more difficult to treat.
Many of the cancers caused by HPV infection in both men and women could be prevented by HPV vaccination. HPV vaccination is recommended by doctors and other health experts for both boys and girls at ages 11-12..."

HPV and boys

Health Insurance Marketplace and Women

"The Marketplace is now open for 2017! Get health insurance through the Health Insurance Marketplace until January 31, 2017 and learn about free preventive services available to women. If you already have coverage through the Marketplace, learn about Coverage to Care and other resources to help you navigate the health care system.
In the Marketplace, you can:
  • Compare different plans based on price, benefits, quality, and other features important to you
  • Choose a combination of price and benefits that fit your budget and meet your needs.."

Health Insurance and women

USDA’s FoodKeeper App Uses Open Data to Keep Consumers Safe and Food Fresh

"The FSIS FoodKeeper app is an easy way for consumers to keep their food safe by providing valuable advice on storing foods and beverages to maximize freshness and minimize food waste. By helping users understand food storage, the app empowers consumers to select methods that extend shelf life and keep items fresh longer than if they were not properly stored.  The app is available for Androidand Apple devices.
How FoodKeeper’s Data Gets to You
In 2016, the application was updated to include more than 400 food and beverage items that are available in an online data feed. Each time a user opens the FoodKeeper app, it will check the data feed for updates.
This data is not only available for the FoodKeeper app, but it is open to the public on FSIS.gov and Data.gov. Those interested in using the information for their own purposes can download the data feed, and find specific storage and cooking guidance on hundreds of items, including various types of baby food, dairy products, eggs, meat, poultry, produce, seafood and more. The data also includes user storage timelines for the refrigerator, freezer and pantry...."

Food safety

Growth and Opportunity in the Organic Sector

"Since USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) implemented the organic regulations in 2002, the U.S. organic sector has tripled in size to over 22,000 certified organic operations with over $43 billion in U.S. retail sales.  Demand for organic products is expected to continue growing.  This strong consumer demand outruns supply, providing market opportunities within the organic sector.
USDA offers many resources for organic producers and businesses – including organic certification cost share assistance, organic price reporting, conservation programs, and so much more – to facilitate growth within the organic sector. We also provide assistance to producers transitioning to organic production, and work to facilitate international trade.
To learn more about our services, you can now visit the redesigned USDA organic portal.  The new site features a more user-friendly design with updated content that allows you to access the USDA resources for the organic community from one centralized location..."

Organic farming

Helping Farmers Adapt to Extreme Weather and a Changing Climate

"Changes in climate and more extreme weather are already increasing challenges for agriculture and natural resource managers nationally and globally.  Many of these challenges are expected to continue into the future.
A new USDA report Adaptation Resources for Agriculture: Responding to Climate Variability and Change in the Midwest and Northeast provides educators and advisors information, perspective and resources to help farmers in the region prepare for, cope with and recover from the adverse impacts of a changing climate. Developed collaboratively by scientists, conservationists and educators, the report translates the best available climate science into usable resources for making climate-informed decisions..."
Farming and weather

Monday, November 28, 2016

Highlights of women’s earnings in 2015

"In 2015, women who were full-time wage and salary workers had median usual weekly earnings that were 81 percent of those of male full-time wage and salary workers. In 1979, the first year for which comparable earnings data are available, women’s earnings were 62 percent of men’s. Since 2004, the women’s-to-men’s earnings ratio has ranged from 80 to 83 percent. (See chart 1 and tables 1 and 12.)
This report presents earnings data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a national monthly survey of 60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The weekly and hourly earnings estimates in Highlights of Women’s Earnings reflect information collected from one-fourth of the CPS monthly sample and averaged for the calendar year. These data are distinct from the annual earnings estimates for full-time, year-round workers collected separately in the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the CPS and published by the U.S. Census Bureau..."
Women's wages

Friday, November 25, 2016

Can a New Administration Undo a Previous Administration's Regulations?

"Following the election of Donald J. Trump on November 8, 2016, questions have been raised as to whether and how a new President's administration can amend or repeal regulations issued by the previous administration. In short, once a rule has been finalized, a new administration would be required to undergo the rulemaking process to change or repeal all or part of the rule. If a rule has not yet been finalized, however, a new President may be able, immediately upon taking office, to prevent the rule from being issued. In addition to these administrative actions, Congress can also take legislative action to overturn rules.
Changing or Repealing Previously Issued Rules

Under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), "rulemaking" is defined as "formulating, amending, or repealing a rule," meaning that an agency must follow the rulemaking procedures set forth by the APA and other statutory and executive order requirements to change or repeal a rule. (For more on these procedures, see CRS Report RL32240, The Federal Rulemaking Process: An Overview, coordinated by Maeve P. Carey.)..."
Federal regulations

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Diabetes, Heart Disease, and You

"Diabetes is a serious condition that happens when your body can't make enough of a hormone called insulin or can't properly use the insulin it has. Insulin helps your body digest sugars that come from what you eat and drink. Without enough insulin, sugar builds up in your blood. Over time, that sugar buildup damages your nerves, blood vessels, heart, and kidneys.
More than 29 million Americans have diabetes, or about 1 of every 11 people. 1 About 8 million of them don't know they have diabetes. Another 86 million—more than 1 in 3 Americans older than 20 years—have prediabetes, a condition in which a person's blood sugar is high, but not yet high enough to trigger diabetes.2..."
Diabetes and heart disease

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Helping Everybody to Quit Smoking

"The percentage of adults who smoke cigarettes is higher among people with disabilities than people without disabilities. If more people with disabilities are included in smoking cessation programs, the percentage of those who smoke can be reduced.
Tobacco use continues to be the leading preventable cause of death in the United States.1 Although progress has been made with reducing cigarette smoking among U.S. adults, declining from 1 in 5 adults in 2005 (45.1 million smokers) to 1 in 6 adults in 2015 (36.5 million),2 differences in prevalence of smoking between groups of people still persist. For example, in 2014, cigarette smoking was significantly higher among those who reported having any disability (more than 1 in 5 were smokers) compared to those who reported having no disability (about 1 in 6 were smokers). In addition, similar to people without disabilities, research shows that the percentage of smokers among people with disabilities also differs by race and ethnicity. For instance, the percentage of American Indian/Alaska Natives with a disability who smoke cigarettes was almost three times as high as among Asians with a disability (41.2% versus 12.8%).3..."
Smoking

Saturday, November 19, 2016

United States-China Economic Security Commission Annual Report

"This year marks the 15th anniversary of China’s World Trade Organization (WTO) accession. While China’s transformation has accelerated over the past decade and a half, its economic liberalization has fallen far short of global expectations. The reality of the U.S.-China economic relationship, too, has turned out to be much different than many had hoped. In 2015, the U.S. trade deficit with China was $365.7 billion, the highest on record; in the first eight months of 2016, the deficit was $225 billion. The cumulative U.S. trade deficit with China since it joined the WTO is a staggering $3.5 trillion. As it protects its domestic industry from foreign competition, China continues to dump its massive overcapacity in U.S. and other global markets, materially damaging U.S. industries, including steel..."
U.S.-China relations